Proportional representation meaning and explanation

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Proportional representation system –

This system allocates seats according to the percentage of the votes scored by a political party.

Thus, a political party that scores 20 percent or 30 percent of the votes will have an equal
percentage of the available seats allocated to it.

– There are two variants of this system: the open party lists and the closed party lists. In the
– open party lists system, voters vote for candidates of political parties according to their preferences

– closed party lists system- voters vote for the parties directly. While the majoritarian system adopts a winner takes all approach, the proportional system is more inclusive and fairer to minority political parties and interests.


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