Religious Movements of Jesus Time

Spread the love

Four views of Judaism

In Jesus” day, there were varying philosophies within the Jewish faith. While some Jews embraced the Roman rulers, others resisted with violence. And whereas some Jewish believers lived a simple, isolated lifestyle, others enjoyed a lifestyle of wealth and influence.

Four predominant religious groups emerged: Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes, and Zealots. During his ministry, Jesus’ likely interacted with them all, touching the hearts of some, and sparking violent hatred among others.

Pharisees

Origin

Descended from Hasidim freedom fighters of the Maccabee era

Membership

Middle-class merchants numbering about 6,000.

Beliefs

  • Believed in entire Old Testament as law
  • Accepted oral interpretation of the Old Testament
  • Believed study of Torah was the highest act of worship
  • God’s desire was for his people to keep the law
  • Believed in bodily resurrection and life after death

Practices

  • Supported synagogues for Torah study and interpretation
  • Strict, detailed obedience to oral and written law
  • Accepted Rome as a necessary

Sadducees

Origin

Descended from Solomon’s high priest, Zadok, and became a faction around 200 B.C.

Membership

Priests who were wealthy, aristocratic, and often Hellenistic

Beliefs

  • Only accepted the Torah as God’s law
  • Rejected oral traditions
  • Believed the Temple was the only path to God
  • Did not believe in bodily resurrection

Practices

  • Ran the Temple and all its ceremonies
  • Dominated the Sanhedrin-the religious ruling council
  • Lived a Hellenistic, affluent lifestyle

Essenes

Origin

Registered Maccabees’ claim to the high priesthood in approximately 170 A.D.

Membership

Possibly dissident Sadducees or Pharisees;

preferred isolation in wilderness to participation in Temple services led by corrupt priests.

See also  Shugaba v Minister of Internal Affairs : Short summary and court held

Beliefs

  • They needed to withdrawal from corruption
  • Believed true priests descended only from ┬áZadok
  • Believed in rigid adherence to the Torah
  • Believed they had been chosen to prepare for imminent arrival of kingdom of God

Practices

  • Worked at copying and studying the Torah
  • Practices
    • Worked at copying and studying the Torah
    • Lived in isolated communities
    • Share property and communal meals
    • Practiced ritual cleansing

    Zealots

    Origin

    A movement formed against a Roman census in 6 A.D. and led by Judas the

    Galilean

    Membership

    Extreme Pharisess and religious Jews living primarily in Galilee

    Beliefs

    • Theology resembled that of Pharisees, however, they believed only God could rule
    • Slavery was the worst evil
    • Extreme Pharisess and religious Jews living primarily in GalileeBeliefs
      • Theology resembled that of Pharisees, however, they believed only God could rule
      • Slavery was the worst evil
      • Taxes were due only to God
      • Hated the rule of Romans

      Practices

      • Practice terrorism against Romans
      • Refused to pay taxes

 

 

 

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

+ 33 = 35